BAYAZID II° (c. 1447–1512), sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1481–1512), son and successor of Sultan Mehmet II, conqueror of Constantinople. Following the expulsion from Spain, great numbers of Jews streamed into the Ottoman Empire and settled in various towns of the Balkans and Anatolia. According to R. Elijah Capsali , Sultan Bayazid issued an order to the governors of the provinces not to refuse those Jews entry or cause them difficulties but to receive them cordially and provide them with the help they needed to settle themselves. Nevertheless, according to the same source, Bayazid was a devout Muslim and was responsible for certain cases of forced conversion of Jews to Islam. He was also the only sultan to enforce the prohibition against building new synagogues. immanuel aboab attributes to Bayazid the famous remark that the Catholic monarchs (Ferdinand and Isabella) were considered wise, but wrongly so, since they impoverished Spain (by the expulsion of the Jews) and enriched the Ottoman Empire. During the reign of Bayazid the position of rabbi in the capital was held by R. Moses Capsali , who was succeeded by R. Elijah Mizraḥi . joseph hamon was the sultan's physician and influential at court. European sources accuse Hamon of complicity in the sudden death of Bayazid after his forced abdication in favor of his son Selim I. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Franco, Essai sur l'histoire des Israélites de l'Empire Ottoman … (1897) 35–40; J.R. Hacker, "Ha-Rabbanut ha-Rashit ba-Imperiah ha-Ottomanit ba-Me'ah ha-15 ve-ha-16," in: Zion, 49, 3 (1984), 225–63; A. Shmuelevitz, "Capsali as a Source for Ottoman History 1450–1523," in: IJMES, 9 (1978) 339–44. (Aryeh Shmuelevitz (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayazid — V. Bajazet …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bayazid — Bayazid,   Bayazit, Name osmanischer Sultane, Bajasid …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayazid II — Bayezid II Bayezid II Bayezid II le Juste  (Sultan Bayezid Adlî)  (en turc, adlî signifie légal), connu en France sous le nom de Bajazet II, (né le 3 décembre 1447 à Dimetoka, aujourd hui Didymotikhon mort le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayazid I — detto Yildirim …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Bayazid Bastami — (Persian بايزيد بسطامى ), also known as Abu Yazid Bistami or Tayfur Abu Yazid al Bustami, (804 874 CE) was a Persian [Walbridge, John. Suhrawardi and Illumination in The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy edited by Peter Adamson, Richard C …   Wikipedia

  • Bayazid (Jalayirids) — Bayazid was the Jalayirid ruler of Soltaniyeh (1382 1384) in opposition to his brother Sultan Ahmad. He was the son of Shaikh Uvais.In 1382 Bayazid and his brothers Ahmad and Shaikh Ali plotted to overthrow their brother Husain. Ahmad acted first …   Wikipedia

  • Bayazid Bistami — Bayazid Bistami, auch: Bayezid Bistami (eigentlich: Abu Yazid al Bistami, arabisch ‏أبو يزيد البسطامي‎) (* 803 in Bistam (Nordiran); † 875) war ein persischer islamischer Mystiker (Sufi). Bayazids Großvater war ein Zoroastrier aus Persien.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayazid Ier — Bayezid Ier Bayezid Ier (turc : Yıldırım Beyazıd) (arabe : يلدرم الصاعقة بايزيد yildirim aS Sā iqa bāyazīd) (turc : yıldırım, foudre ; tonnerre) (arabe : صاعقة Sā iqa, foudre), connu autrefois en français sous le nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mohammed Loay Bayazid — Other names kunya: Abu Rida al Suri[1] Nidal[2] Born in Syria, Mohammed Loay Bayazid is an American citizen[3] alleged to have been a founding member of …   Wikipedia

  • Shihabuddin Bayazid Shah — (Bangla: শিহাবউদ্দীন বায়েজীদ শাহ) (1413 1414) was a Ilyas dynasty Sultan of Bengal. Before his accession to the throne of Bengal, he was perhaps a slave of Sultan Saifuddin Hamza Shah. On the orders of Raja Ganesha, a landlord of Dinajpur in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.